The institute of election observation is established by legislation. Both national and international observers may execute election observation. The range of national observers is fairly wide. These may be members of political parties, other public associations, labor teams, representatives of citizens, deputies of any level, and persons presenting candidates. Subject to legislation, any political party irrespective of whether it has any registered candidate or not is entitled to supervising the elections.

The legal status of observers is determined by the Electoral Code. Observers are entitled to execute their mission at any stage of electoral campaign, including observation of voting and vote counting processes.

Observers from foreign countries and international organizations are invited to the Republic of Belarus by the Head of the State, the House of Representatives and the Council of the Republic of the National Assembly, the Council of Ministers, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Central Commission.

The electoral legislation provides for a simple and unimpeded procedure of observers accreditation. National observers are accredited by appropriate electoral commissions whereas foreign (international) observers are accredited by the Central Commission.